The hepatitis C virus is one of several viruses that can cause inflammation of the liver (known as hepatitis). Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus. 

Transmission of hepatitis C may only occur when the blood of an infected person enters the bloodstream of another person. Sharing recreational drug injecting needles and/or equipment is the most common way of becoming infected in Australia. Around 80% of hepatitis C infections in Australia have resulted from the sharing and re-using of injecting needles and/or equipment.

Effective treatments for hepatitis C are available and may prevent serious liver damage from happening.

Currently there is no vaccination against hepatitis C anywhere in the world.

Organisations that specialise in this area of reproductive and/or sexual health

Where to get more information, support or advice

  • Contact your local doctor (GP)
  • Contact Family Planning Victoria's clinics


This website provides general information only. The suitability of such general information  varies  from   person  to   person,  depending  on individual circumstances.   You should seek specific medical or legal advice for your individual circumstances.

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The copyright for material on this website is owned by Family Planning Victoria (or, in some cases, by third parties) and is subject to the Copyright Act 1968. We permit you to reproduce or communicate our copyright material if you are a not-for-profit educational organisation, for  the purpose of providing the information to your students provided that you include any disclaimers associated with that material.  Any other reproduction or communication of our material requires our prior consent, via our consent form which you can complete and submit.

Last updated: 5 June 2016

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