What are STIs and BBVs?
Sexually Transmissible Infections (STIs) & Blood Borne Viruses (BBVs) can affect anybody who has any type of sex. However, by having the right information and learning about how these infections are transmitted, everyone has an opportunity to reduce their risk.
STI and BBV testing
Family Planning Victoria has been providing expert, confidential Sexually Transmissible Infections (STIs) & Blood Borne Viruses (BBVs) check-ups to Victorians of all ages, genders, sexual and gender preference, and backgrounds for over forty years.
Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is an imbalance in the normal bacteria in the vagina. It is a very common cause of an abnormal vaginal discharge. Many women will have it at some stage in their life.
Chlamydia is a common infection. It can infect the cervix (top part of vagina), urethra (where urine comes out) and rectum (anal passage). It mostly affects young people.
Genital herpes is one of the most common sexually transmissible infections. It is caused by either herpes simplex virus type 1 or 2. It is also known as the cold sore virus. Herpes type 1 usually infects both the mouth and genitals. Herpes type 2 usually infects the genitals but can infect the mouth.
Genital warts are one of the most common sexually transmissible infections (STIs). They are caused by a few different viruses that are members of the human papilloma virus (HPV) family. Genital warts are different to warts on your hands or feet.
Gonorrhoea/Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection. Gonorrhoea most commonly infects the urethra (where urine comes out) in men and the cervix (top part of vagina) in women. It may also infect the anus and throat.
The hepatitis A virus is one of several viruses that can cause inflammation of the liver (known as hepatitis). Hepatitis A is spread when infected faecal matter enters the mouth.
The hepatitis B virus is one of several viruses that can cause inflammation of the liver (known as hepatitis). Hepatitis B is spread through the blood or sexual fluids (vaginal fluids or semen) of an infected person entering the bloodstream of a non-infected person. It can also be transmitted from mother to baby during birth or through breastfeeding (from bleeding nipples).
The hepatitis C virus is one of several viruses that can cause inflammation of the liver (known as hepatitis). Hepatitis C is a blood-borne virus.
HIV/AIDS stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV is the name of the virus that can cause AIDS when left untreated.
HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
Mycoplasma genitalium (usually referred to as mycoplasma) is a common infection affecting the cervix (top part of vagina), urethra (where urine comes out) and rectum (anal passage). It mostly affects young people.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by a bacteria. You can catch syphilis through oral, vaginal or anal sex with a person who has syphilis. It is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact with an infected area.
Trichomoniasis is a genital infection caused by the organism Trichomonas vaginalis. Trichomoniasis is usually detected in women, and very rarely detected in men.
Tattoos and Body Piercing
Tattoos and body piercing are popular forms of body art in Australia. Both tattooing and body piercing involve penetration of the skin with a needle.
Tattoos and Body Piercing Safety Checklist
Before choosing your body artist, make sure they can answer YES to ALL the steps in this checklist.
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- What are STIs and BBVs?
- STI and BBV testing
- Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
- Genital Herpes
- Genital Warts
- Hepatitis A
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis C
- HPV (Human Papilloma Virus)
- Mycoplasma Genitalium
- Tattoos and Body Piercing
- Tattoos and Body Piercing Safety Checklist
- Contraception that lasts a short time
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- Translated Reproductive and Sexual Health Resources