Menstrual Conditions Overview
Some of the more common menstrual problems include Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), Dysmenorrhoea, Menorrhagia and Amenorrhoea.
If a young woman hasn't shown any signs of puberty (such as starting to grow breasts and dark pubic hair) by the age of 14 or hasn't started having periods by 16, she should see a doctor. For most, it's just late puberty, but it's important to be sure.
Painful periods is referred to as dysmenorrhoea. The cause of the pain can be because the womb (uterus) is contracting harder than usual to dislodge the lining, or the pain may be a result of certain reproductive disorders such as endometriosis.
It's normal for women, especially those in their 30s and 40s, to at least sometimes experience symptoms such as irritability or bloating in the days leading up to their period. This is often called premenstrual tension (PMT).
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